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und
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Emil Jakob Schindler

1842 Vienna - 1892 Westerland/Sylt

Emil Jakob Schindler was arguably the most important Austrian landscape painter of the second half of the 19th century. He studied at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts under Albert Zimmermann, who also taught Eugen Jettel, Rudolf Ribarz and Robert Russ. At the time, Viennese landscape painting had undergone a fundamental change due to the influence of the French “paysage intime“. Schindler’s paintings, however, were an exception. While Jettel and Ribarz had spent many years in France and had thus been exposed directly to the French plein air style, Schindler was influenced by his study of 17th century Dutch painters, his numerous trips to Dalmatia, Venice, Holland, Istria and Corfu and a short stay in Paris. He moved away from the predominant Austrian “atmospheric realism” as it was taught at the Academy and through his study of Corot and Daubigny found his own belief in smaller details, lighter colours and a sketch-like style of painting confirmed. Schindler excelled in this specifically Austrian style of “atmospheric impressionism”. He himself called his style “poetic realism” because he did not content himself with merely depicting the exterior, optical reality of a scene but wanted to understand, go beyond and discover its underlying emotional truth. In the middle of the 1880’s he moved to the picturesque mansion Schloss Plankenberg in the Vienna Woods. Schindler was recognised early on in his life and received an increasing number of honours throughout his career.

Literature

L.Hevesi, Österreichische Kunst im neunzehnten Jahrhundert, Leipzig 1903, pp.254; C.Moll, Emil Jakob Schindler, Vienna 1930; B.Grimschitz, Österreichische Maler vom Biedermeier zur Moderne, Vienna 1963, pp.33; H.Fuchs, Emil Jakob Schindler, Vienna 1970, with Lit.; G. Frodl und andere, exhibition-catalogue "Stimmungsimpressionsmus", Austrian Gallery Belvedere, Vienna 2004; Exhib.Cat.: Agnes Husslein-Arco / Alexander Klee (publ.): „Emil Jakob Schindler – Poetischer Realismus.“, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna (Exhib. 27. Sept. 2012 - 13. January 2013), Munich 2012; Lexica: Wurzbach, Thieme-Becker, Müller-Singer, Bénézit, Boetticher, Busse no.71766